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Muscular Diseases Specialist

eRiver Neurology of NY, LLC

Adult & Pediatric Neurology Specialists located in Poughkeepsie, Fishkill, Hudson, and Rhinebeck, NY

Muscular dystrophy may be the best-known type of neuromuscular disease, but it’s only one of many possible conditions that affect your muscle and nerves and cause progressive muscle weakness and wasting. The team at eRiver Neurology of NY, LLC provides individualized treatment that alleviates your symptoms. If you experience muscle weakness or spasms, schedule an appointment online or call one of the offices in Poughkeepsie, Fishkill, Hudson, or Rhinebeck, New York.

Muscular Diseases Q&A

What are neuromuscular diseases?

Neuromuscular diseases occur when communication breaks down between nerves and muscles, a problem that develops as the nerves become damaged or die. When the nerves that control your muscles fail to work properly, the affected muscles weaken, waste away, and lose function.

These diseases can affect any muscle in your body, including vital muscles such as those in your heart and the diaphragm, which controls breathing.

What are the different types of neuromuscular diseases?

There are numerous types of neuromuscular diseases that fall into categories such as:

  • Muscular dystrophies
  • Spinal muscular atrophy
  • Inflammatory myopathies
  • Peripheral nerve diseases
  • Neuromuscular junction diseases
  • Metabolic muscle diseases
  • Other types of myopathies

Of all the neuromuscular diseases, however, some of the most common include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), muscular dystrophy, and myasthenia gravis.

ALS affects nerve cells in your brain and spinal cord, leading to the loss of muscle control. The muscles in your hand, feet, and limbs are the first to weaken, and then it spreads to other parts of your body.

Myasthenia gravis can weaken any muscle in your body, but it most often affects your eyes, face, throat, neck, and limb muscles.

Like all neuromuscular diseases, muscular dystrophy causes weakness and wasting away of muscles, with or without loss of nerves. There are nine types of muscular dystrophy, and each one progresses to cause increasing disability.

What symptoms develop due to neuromuscular diseases?

The specific symptoms you experience depend on the disease. As a group, however, neuromuscular diseases cause symptoms such as:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Muscle twitching
  • Muscle cramps and pain
  • Muscle loss
  • Trouble moving
  • Balance problems
  • Tingling and numbness
  • Double vision
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Difficulty breathing

As muscle weakness spreads, you may have a hard time walking, talking, lifting items, or brushing your teeth, to give just a few examples of how these diseases can affect your life.

How are neuromuscular diseases diagnosed and treated?

In addition to a comprehensive physical and neurological exam, the team at eRiver Neurology of NY, LLC performs diagnostic testing. Essential tests such as EEG, EMG, and MRI are all available in the office.

Treatment for neuromuscular diseases aims to alleviate your symptoms and slow down disease progression. Your treatment plan is customized to meet your needs, but it may include medications, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.

To receive exceptional care for neuromuscular diseases, call eRiver Neurology of NY, LLC or book an appointment online. 

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